Tuesday, November 25, 2014

New study on the possible effects of energy drinks on children

As you may remember, about two years ago there was a lot of discussion on whether "energy" (highly caffeinated) drinks are harmful to children.  (I posted comments and links to articles on the subject here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here and here.)

Now, AboutLawsuits.com is reporting that according to a new report, young children may face serious health risks from popular energy drinks, such as Monster, Red Bull and Rock Star, potentially causing seizures, heart problems and other life-threatening conditions.

Podcast on the Takata airbag cases that have settled confidentially

Go here to listen to a Bloomberg law four minute interview on the Takata airbag cases that have settled confidentially

Honda Failed to Report 1,789 Auto Injuries and Deaths to NHTSA

Read the full story here.

Comment on the NFL concussion claims settlement

Over at Mass Tort Profs, Prof. Howie Erichson (Fordham) analyzes the NFL concussion settlement. He's not in favor.

Thanks to the TortsProf blog for the link.

Criticism of GM's compensation fund

Here is a comment criticizing GM's compensation fund (administered by Kenneth Feinberg), which claims the Fund has approved only 79 of 2180 claims in five months.

Monday, November 10, 2014

Video Quiz: Assumption of the risk?

You may remember my discussion of the case involving a claim against the Kansas City Royals' mascot for hitting a fan with a flying hot dog (go here and here for my most recent comments on the case).  The claim raised the issue of whether getting hit by a flying hot dog is an inherent risk of the sport, which spectators assume when they go to the games.

There are also other cases out there discussing whether fans can bring a cause of action when mascots touch them, hug them or sit on their laps as some are known to do.

Now I have a new video quiz for you on a similar question.  What if the mascot is not a person in a costume but an actual animal?  

If you watched football yesterday, you may have seen this video of the Seattle Seahawks mascot flying off to the stands and sharing a moment with the fans.  Assume for the moment that the bird's talons cause an injury to the fan.  Would he have a cause of action for strict liability because the bird is an animal?  Or does the fan assume the risk by going to the game?  Does the team have a duty to protect fans from attacks by their mascots?  

Here is the video (if you can't see it below, go here):

Video Quiz: who is negligent and what percentage of fault would you assign?

If you can't see the video below, go here. If an ad appears on the screen, click on top right hand x to delete it.

 

California Proposition 46 is defeated

I recently posted a few comments and links on the debate over California Proposition 46, an initiative to, among other things, raise the cap on pain and suffering damages, which has not been increased since it was adopted in 1975.  (Go herehere and here for previous posts.)

Today, I am sad to report that the proposition was defeated. This is bad new for consumers, victims of malpractice and, as usual, particularly bad for women, the poor, children and people with disabilities, all of whom are most affected by measures that limit recovery of non-economic damages.

Sad.

South Carolina Supreme Court recognizes the right of a beneficiary of a will or trust to sue a lawyer for malpractice

About ten days ago, in a case called Fabian v. Lindsay, the South Carolina Supreme Court recognized a cause of action, in both tort and contract, by a third-party beneficiary of an existing will or estate planning document against a lawyer whose drafting error defeats or diminishes the client's intent. The Court added that "[r]ecovery under either cause of action is limited to persons who are named in the estate planning document or otherwise identified in the instrument by their status. Where the claim sounds in both tort and contract, the plaintiff may elect a recovery."  You can read the opinion here.

Monday, November 3, 2014

Podcast on Georgia case regarding parents liability for negligence in handling child's use of social media

A few days ago, I reported on a recent case in which the Georgia Appellate Court held that parents could be held liable for failing to supervise their children use of social media, or perhaps more importantly, for failing to act to remedy the consequences of the use of social media.  The case is interesting in its own right, but it was made more interesting because it was quickly misinterpreted, as I explained in my previous post.

The case also generated some attention because it was reported that it was the first case in which a court imposed a duty on parents to supervise a child's computer use.  Today, Bloomberg Law posted a podcast on the case that you can listen to here.  Among other things, one of the panelists explains how the case is not really creating new law as much as applying old principles to a new type of scenario.

Wednesday, October 29, 2014

Another article on medical malpractice reform

Two days ago, I poste a link to an article by Joanne Doroshow, of the Center for Justice and Democracy at New York Law School, on medial malpractice tort reform.   Here is another one called Malpractice 'Caps' Treat Women, Children and Seniors as Second-Class Citizens.

Max Kennerly on study on defensive medicine

A few days ago, I wrote about a recent study that debunks the myth that we need tort reform because otherwise "defensive medicine" forces health care costs to rise.  Today Max Kennerly of the Litigation and Trial blog has published a short comment on the issue.

Kenneth Feinberg discusses compensating for tragedy and loss

Kenneth Feinberg, the current administrator of the compensation fund for those injured by defective GM cars and former administrator of the fund created to compensate the victims of the BP Deep Water Horizon oil spill, comments on the issues related to compensation in mass tort cases here.  Feinberg has proven to be a controversial figure.  While working in the BP litigation, he found himself in the middle of a controversy over whether he had a conflict (favoring BP).  See hereherehere and here.  However, he has also been praised for his approach to compensation. If nothing else, his work will be influential on how courts handle mass disaster cases in the future.  For more on the issues related to both the BP and GM settlement funds go here and scroll down.


Thanks to the TortsProf blog for the link.

Monday, October 27, 2014

Comment on the effects of "tort reform" on medical care

Joanne Doroshow, of the Center for Justice and Democracy at New York Law School, has published a short comment called How Tort 'Reform' Ruins Health Care for Everyone in which she discusses recent research on the effect of tort reform.  The article is short but has plenty of links to more information and it is well worth reading.  You can find it here.    Among other interesting findings, the new studies conclude that patient safety generally deteriorates after caps are enacted and that caps on damages actually increase health care costs.

Number of wrongful death claims caused by defective GM cars is likely to continue to rise

The number of confirmed wrongful death claims associated with accidents that may have been caused by recalled ignition switches used in General Motors (GM) vehicles has risen to 30, but officials indicate that the number is expected to continue to rise as the manufacturer processes claims over the next year. Reuters has a story here.  AboutLawsuits has a story here.

60 minutes segment on genetic testing

Last night the TV show 60 minutes had a segment on issues related to genetic testing.  It did not discuss torts, but it did touch a little bit on some of the bio-ethics issues I mentioned in my comments on the sperm donor case.  If you can't see the video below, you can go to here to watch it, to watch other videos or to read a transcript of the show.

UPDATE:  I tried embedding the video several times and it is not working properly, but if you click on the little square icon on the lower right hand side, the video will switch to full screen and you can see it there, or, like I said, you can go to the 60 minutes website.  Sorry about that!  Also, the video includes at least one commercial.  If I could edit it out, I would but I can't.. so sorry about that too...

Saturday, October 25, 2014

Comment on California Proposition 46

In a few weeks, California voters will vote on "Proposition 46" an initiative to, among other things, raise the cap on pain and suffering damages, which has not been increased since it was adopted in 1975.  Go here and here for previous posts on the issue and here for my comment on the information (or misinformation) campaigns for and against the proposal.

Meanwhile, the TortsProf blog contacted both pro- and anti-Prop 46 spokespeople and asked them to write posts supporting their respective positions. Eric Andrist, a leading voice in the pro-Prop 46 movement, posted his comment here. The California Medical Association has not replied to the invitation to prepare a post.

Wednesday, October 22, 2014

Recent developments in three states may challenge the notion that there is "no duty to help"

As you probably know, as a general rule, the Common Law does not recognize a duty to go help someone in need. There are a few exceptions to this rule, and the general rule may be affected by statutes, but it remains the general rule.

Interestingly, this month I saw a few stories that in one way or another raise concerns regarding the duty to help issue.

For example, the "a public defender" blog had a couple of comments (here and here) on a recently adopted statute in Connecticut mandating disclosure of possible child abuse. By creating such a duty, which applies to members of the clergy and appears to apply to some lawyers, I wonder if the legislature has opened the door to possible civil liability in cases where people do not disclose. This is an issue discussed in Perry v. SN and SN, 973 SW2d 301 (Tex 1998), which you may have read in law school.

Given that the statute apparently applies to some lawyers, it also raises the issue of a conflict between the lawyer's duty of confidentiality and the duty imposed by the statute. Assume a client tells the lawyer about the abuse as part of the representation. Does the statute create a duty to disclose (akin to the duty recognized in Tarasoff v. Regents of the Univ of California) regardless of the professional duty to maintain the information confidential? I only know of one case that discusses the issue in the context of the practice of law (Hawkins v. King Cty. Dept. of Rehabilitative Services, 602 P.2d 361 (Wash. Ct. App. 1979)) and it only holds that given the facts of the case the duty did not apply.

Meanwhile, in response to the slayings at the University of California at Santa Barbara in May, California Gov. Jerry Brown signed a new law to allow family members to petition for the temporary seizure of guns from relatives who are a threat to themselves or others. Supporters say the measure could help prevent suicides as well as mass shootings. More on the story here.

The law does not impose a duty on anyone to take action, but I wonder if, again, the law will open the door to more possible arguments that there should be a duty to act. What if a person does not take the chance to ask a court to take someone's guns away and that person then uses the guns to attack a group of students at a school. Will the victims be able to sue everyone to whom the new law applies for not taking action?

Finally, in Illinois voters will have a chance to vote on a proposed amendment to the state constitution that seems to raise similar issues although, in the end, the amendment also makes it irrelevant.

The amendment recognizes a "victims bill of rights" which states, among other things that crime victims have the right "to be reasonably protected from the accused throughout the criminal justice process." Although it does not state who shall do the protecting, it seems obvious the right is one that can be raised against the state, thus making the state responsible. In other words, if approved, the state seems to be adopting a duty to protect crime victims from criminal defendants during the criminal proceedings. That means the state now would have a duty to help.

The problem is that in another section, the amendment states that "nothing in the section or any law enacted under this section creates a cause of action ... for compensation ... or damages against the State, a political subdivision of the State, an officer, employee, or agent of the State or of any political subdivision of the State, or an officer or employee of the court."

In other words, the proposal states that the State has a duty to help and that the victim has a right to demand that help, but the victim has no right to sue for compensation if he or she suffers an injury for the violation of that right.

Wall Street Journal mistakenly reports that Georgia Court held parents can be liable for conduct of their children

Last week, the Wall Street Journal law blog published a story titled "Parents May Be Liable for What Their Kids Post on Facebook, Court Rules" in which it stated "Parents can be held liable for what their kids post on Facebook, a Georgia appellate court ruled in a decision that lawyers said marked a legal precedent on the issue of parental responsibility over their children’s online activity."  The story was then picked up and repeated by Smithsonian, and The Legal Satyricon (which criticizes the decision as incorrect because it failed to consider a certain federal statute).

The case is interesting but the problem is that the headline of the reported story is wrong.  The court did not hold that parents can be held liable for their children's conduct; the court held the parents can only be held liable for their own conduct.  That is a big difference.

As the court explains in its opinion, "liability for the tort of a minor child is not imputed to the child’s parents merely on the basis of the parent-child relationship." In other words, there is no vicarious liability for the tort of a minor. However, as the court continues, "[p]arents may be held directly liable . . . for their own negligence in failing to supervise or control their child with regard to conduct which poses an unreasonable risk of harming others," a duty which extends to those plaintiffs whose harm is foreseeable.

In the case, called Boston v. Athearn which is available here. a boy (Dustin, age 13) and a girl agreed to have some fun at the plaintiff's expense.  Using some information obtained by the girl, Dustin created a fake Facebook page in the plaintiff's name where they posted racist, sexually graphic, offensive and false information including posts that suggested the plaintiff was a homosexual and a racist, that she took illegal drugs and that she was on medication for mental health disorders.

About six days after the Facebook page was created, the principal of the school had determined who had done it and imposed discipline.  As a result, the culprit's parents were informed in detail of the children's conduct.  Dustin's parents claimed they disciplined him, but made no effort to access the Facebook page or to delete it.  The page remained available for almost a year.

In response to a motion for summary judgment filed by Dustin's parents, the plaintiffs argued that there were questions of material fact regarding whether the defendants were negligent in failing to compel Dustin to remove the Facebook page once they were notified of its existence and the court agreed.

Again, let's reiterate that the issue here is not whether a parent should be held liable for the conduct of a child.  The issue is whether the court should impose liability for the parent's own conduct.  More to the point, whether the court should impose a duty on the parents to do something more than what they did.

Because this is not a case where the court is trying to impose a particular parenting style nor passing value judgment on parental decisions on how to raise a child, the case is simple.  The parents have a duty to act like a reasonable prudent person under the circumstances and, given the facts, reasonable people can disagree as to whether they did.  I am not even sure we need more facts to decide the question.   Let it go to the jury and let them decide.