Wednesday, December 17, 2014

Wrongful death claim filed against gun manufacturer and other sellers of the rifle used in the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting

The families of nine of the 26 people killed two years ago at the Sandy Hook Elementary School in Connecticut have filed a lawsuit against the manufacturer, distributor and seller of the Bushmaster AR-15 rifle used in the shooting.  You can read the complaint here.

The complaint alleges that the defendants should be liable because they knowingly marketed a rifle to the civilian public that has little or no utility for civilian purposes.  The rifle was designed for military purposes.

This type of claim is not totally new, and, unfortunately for the plaintiffs, similar claims have failed in the past.  Also, it should be noted that in 2005, Congress enacted The Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act to protect gun manufacturers from lawsuits for injuries caused by people using guns for criminal activity. Part of the motivation for the bill came from a case filed by the victims of a shooting rampage by a white supremacist who killed a number of people, including several children, at a Jewish center. The lawsuit claimed that the defendant made more guns than they could sell on the legitimate market with the intention of selling the remainder on the “secondary market” where criminals often buy their guns. In other words, the plaintiffs alleged that the manufacturer marketed the guns knowing they would be used for criminal activity. The lawsuit survived for a long time after the adoption of the Act, but was finally dismissed, in a 2-1 opinion, by a panel of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.

The new complaint related to the Sandy Hook shooting is trying to distinguish the case from those older cases by framing the claim as an exception to the 2005 act, which recognizes a possible claim against someone who "entrusts" a weapon to another.  I am not sure the allegations support that distinction.

In the end, the Sandy Hook complaint is based on the notion that the manufacturer knowingly placed in the market a gun that should not have been marketed because it did not have any appropriate use.  That is similar to the old claims raised against the manufacturers of "Saturday Night Specials" and the "nuisance" claims used against manufacturers who continued to market guns knowing the market among civilians was saturated, etc.

Jonathan Turley has a comment on the case here (he thinks it has little merit).  AboutLawsuits has a little more information here.

Friday, December 12, 2014

Number of wrongful death claims caused by defective GM cars is likely to continue to rise

The number of confirmed wrongful death claims associated with accidents that may have been caused by recalled ignition switches used in General Motors (GM) vehicles has risen to 30, but officials indicate that the number is expected to continue to rise as the manufacturer processes claims over the next year. Reuters has a story here.  AboutLawsuits has a story here.

UPDATE 12/12/14:   AboutLawsuits is reporting that more than 2,200 personal injury claims have been filed with a General Motors ignition switch recall victim’s compensation fund launched in August, with at least 36 involving wrongful death claims confirmed by the auto maker.

Pennsylvania Supreme Court rejects Restatement Third of Products Liability

About three weeks ago, the Pennsylvania Supreme Court issued an important opinion in which it rejected adopting the language of the Restatement Third on Products Liability.  The court decided to retain its analysis based on the principles and case law on Section 402A of the Restatement Second instead.  This includes the choice of arguing/proving a design defect based on a consumer expectations analysis or a cost-benefits analysis.   You can read the opinion here and the concurring opinion here.  (Thanks to the TortsProf blog for the links.)

Max Kennerly, of Litigation and Trial, has a nice comment on the opinion here, and he provides links to shorter comments here, here and here.

Supreme Court hears oral argument regarding Federal Torts Claims Action

Over at the Supreme Court of the US blog (SCOTUS), Howard Wasserman, reports that a couple of days ago, "a subdued Court spent two hours hearing oral arguments in United States v. Wong and United States v. June, considering whether the limitations periods under the Federal Tort Claims Act are jurisdictional or subject to equitable tolling. The Justices asked relatively few questions, allowing all four attorneys to speak uninterrupted for long stretches and to provide lengthy answers to many questions."  Go here and here for his complete review of the case and links to the relevant documents. You can listen to the audio of the oral arguments here and here.

California Supreme Court to review constitutionality of damages cap

About a month ago, I lamented the fact that California Proposition 46, an initiative to, among other things, raise the cap on pain and suffering damages, which has not been increased since it was adopted in 1975 was defeated. As I said back then, this is bad new for consumers, victims of malpractice and, as usual, particularly bad for women, the poor, children and people with disabilities, all of whom are most affected by measures that limit recovery of non-economic damages.  (For my coverage of the process leading to the vote on the proposition, go here, here, here, here and here.)

However, just a week or two later it was reported that the California Supreme Court has agreed to review the Constitutionality of the same damages cap at issue in the proposition.  Go here for the story.  This means it is possible the cap will be invalidated entirely which would be beyond what Proposition 46 actually proposed.  Obviously, though, if this happens the legislature probably would work out a new cap. 

The question remains whether the new cap would increase the limits.  But let's not get ahead of ourselves.  First we have to wait and see what the Supreme Court says.  Stay tuned....

Wrongful death lawsuit filed for death of 12 year old boy killed by police in Cleveland

Unless you have been living under a rock for the last few weeks, I am sure you have heard of the cases involving police shooting and the protests that followed the lack of indictments in those cases.  You probably also heard of another case in Cleveland where a police officer shot a 12 year old boy just seconds after arriving at a park where the boy was playing with a toy gun, and act that has now been officially ruled a homicide.

It is now being reported that the family of the 12-year-old boy has filed a wrongful death lawsuit against two police officers and the city.  Go here for the full story.

Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit holds that a cruise line can be held liable for the medical malpractice of a ship's doctor

About a month ago, the Court of Appeals for the 11th circuit issued an opinion that breaks away from a longstanding approach to medical malpractice cases against cruise lines.  The case is called Franza v Royal Caribbean and you can read it here

Before this decision, courts typically ruled that plaintiffs could not recover from a cruise line for injuries caused by the medical personnel on board a cruise ship because either the doctors were not employees (but independent contractors) or because they were exercising independent medical judgment over which the cruise line had no control and for which it should not be held liable.  In Franza, however, the court held that things have changed and that cruise lines should be subject to liability for the medical personnel they employ.  Accordingly, the court stated
we now confront state-of-the-art cruise ships that house thousands of people and operate as floating cities, complete with well-stocked modern infirmaries and urgent care centers. In place of truly independent doctors and nurses, we must now acknowledge that medical professionals routinely work for corporate masters. And whereas ships historically went 'off the grid' when they set sail, modern technology enables distant ships to communicate instantaneously with the mainland in meaningful ways
The case may also have implications outside of the medical liability areas since cruise lines also employ many other people to provide services to passengers.

Bloomberg law has a short podcast discussing the case and its implications here.  The Daily Report has an article here.

Tuesday, November 25, 2014

New study on the possible effects of energy drinks on children

As you may remember, about two years ago there was a lot of discussion on whether "energy" (highly caffeinated) drinks are harmful to children.  (I posted comments and links to articles on the subject here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here, here and here.)

Now, AboutLawsuits.com is reporting that according to a new report, young children may face serious health risks from popular energy drinks, such as Monster, Red Bull and Rock Star, potentially causing seizures, heart problems and other life-threatening conditions.

Podcast on the Takata airbag cases that have settled confidentially

Go here to listen to a Bloomberg law four minute interview on the Takata airbag cases that have settled confidentially

Honda Failed to Report 1,789 Auto Injuries and Deaths to NHTSA

Read the full story here.

Comment on the NFL concussion claims settlement

Over at Mass Tort Profs, Prof. Howie Erichson (Fordham) analyzes the NFL concussion settlement. He's not in favor.

Thanks to the TortsProf blog for the link.

Criticism of GM's compensation fund

Here is a comment criticizing GM's compensation fund (administered by Kenneth Feinberg), which claims the Fund has approved only 79 of 2180 claims in five months.

Monday, November 10, 2014

Video Quiz: Assumption of the risk?

You may remember my discussion of the case involving a claim against the Kansas City Royals' mascot for hitting a fan with a flying hot dog (go here and here for my most recent comments on the case).  The claim raised the issue of whether getting hit by a flying hot dog is an inherent risk of the sport, which spectators assume when they go to the games.

There are also other cases out there discussing whether fans can bring a cause of action when mascots touch them, hug them or sit on their laps as some are known to do.

Now I have a new video quiz for you on a similar question.  What if the mascot is not a person in a costume but an actual animal?  

If you watched football yesterday, you may have seen this video of the Seattle Seahawks mascot flying off to the stands and sharing a moment with the fans.  Assume for the moment that the bird's talons cause an injury to the fan.  Would he have a cause of action for strict liability because the bird is an animal?  Or does the fan assume the risk by going to the game?  Does the team have a duty to protect fans from attacks by their mascots?  

Here is the video (if you can't see it below, go here):

Video Quiz: who is negligent and what percentage of fault would you assign?

If you can't see the video below, go here. If an ad appears on the screen, click on top right hand x to delete it.

 

California Proposition 46 is defeated

I recently posted a few comments and links on the debate over California Proposition 46, an initiative to, among other things, raise the cap on pain and suffering damages, which has not been increased since it was adopted in 1975.  (Go herehere and here for previous posts.)

Today, I am sad to report that the proposition was defeated. This is bad new for consumers, victims of malpractice and, as usual, particularly bad for women, the poor, children and people with disabilities, all of whom are most affected by measures that limit recovery of non-economic damages.

Sad.

South Carolina Supreme Court recognizes the right of a beneficiary of a will or trust to sue a lawyer for malpractice

About ten days ago, in a case called Fabian v. Lindsay, the South Carolina Supreme Court recognized a cause of action, in both tort and contract, by a third-party beneficiary of an existing will or estate planning document against a lawyer whose drafting error defeats or diminishes the client's intent. The Court added that "[r]ecovery under either cause of action is limited to persons who are named in the estate planning document or otherwise identified in the instrument by their status. Where the claim sounds in both tort and contract, the plaintiff may elect a recovery."  You can read the opinion here.

Monday, November 3, 2014

Podcast on Georgia case regarding parents liability for negligence in handling child's use of social media

A few days ago, I reported on a recent case in which the Georgia Appellate Court held that parents could be held liable for failing to supervise their children use of social media, or perhaps more importantly, for failing to act to remedy the consequences of the use of social media.  The case is interesting in its own right, but it was made more interesting because it was quickly misinterpreted, as I explained in my previous post.

The case also generated some attention because it was reported that it was the first case in which a court imposed a duty on parents to supervise a child's computer use.  Today, Bloomberg Law posted a podcast on the case that you can listen to here.  Among other things, one of the panelists explains how the case is not really creating new law as much as applying old principles to a new type of scenario.

Wednesday, October 29, 2014

Another article on medical malpractice reform

Two days ago, I poste a link to an article by Joanne Doroshow, of the Center for Justice and Democracy at New York Law School, on medial malpractice tort reform.   Here is another one called Malpractice 'Caps' Treat Women, Children and Seniors as Second-Class Citizens.

Max Kennerly on study on defensive medicine

A few days ago, I wrote about a recent study that debunks the myth that we need tort reform because otherwise "defensive medicine" forces health care costs to rise.  Today Max Kennerly of the Litigation and Trial blog has published a short comment on the issue.

Kenneth Feinberg discusses compensating for tragedy and loss

Kenneth Feinberg, the current administrator of the compensation fund for those injured by defective GM cars and former administrator of the fund created to compensate the victims of the BP Deep Water Horizon oil spill, comments on the issues related to compensation in mass tort cases here.  Feinberg has proven to be a controversial figure.  While working in the BP litigation, he found himself in the middle of a controversy over whether he had a conflict (favoring BP).  See hereherehere and here.  However, he has also been praised for his approach to compensation. If nothing else, his work will be influential on how courts handle mass disaster cases in the future.  For more on the issues related to both the BP and GM settlement funds go here and scroll down.


Thanks to the TortsProf blog for the link.

Monday, October 27, 2014

Comment on the effects of "tort reform" on medical care

Joanne Doroshow, of the Center for Justice and Democracy at New York Law School, has published a short comment called How Tort 'Reform' Ruins Health Care for Everyone in which she discusses recent research on the effect of tort reform.  The article is short but has plenty of links to more information and it is well worth reading.  You can find it here.    Among other interesting findings, the new studies conclude that patient safety generally deteriorates after caps are enacted and that caps on damages actually increase health care costs.

60 minutes segment on genetic testing

Last night the TV show 60 minutes had a segment on issues related to genetic testing.  It did not discuss torts, but it did touch a little bit on some of the bio-ethics issues I mentioned in my comments on the sperm donor case.  If you can't see the video below, you can go to here to watch it, to watch other videos or to read a transcript of the show.

UPDATE:  I tried embedding the video several times and it is not working properly, but if you click on the little square icon on the lower right hand side, the video will switch to full screen and you can see it there, or, like I said, you can go to the 60 minutes website.  Sorry about that!  Also, the video includes at least one commercial.  If I could edit it out, I would but I can't.. so sorry about that too...